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2018-09-29</h6> <p><a href="http://www.anxinfs.com/">钻杆修复</a>?a href="http://www.anxinfs.com/">油管清洗</a>?a href="http://www.anxinfs.com/">抽油杆清洗设?/a>首选?a href="http://www.anxinfs.com/">濮阳创立石油机械</a>?/p> <div class="detail" id="zoom"> <p>随着高含水油田开发难度的加大和吨油成本不断上升,进一步加大从油井回收旧油管的力度是采油厂降低生产综合成本的重用措施。提高旧油管的修复质量,可保证油水井?br /> 业的质量,下面让我们看一?a href="http://www.anxinfs.com/" target="_blank">旧油管清?/a>的方式:<br /> <strong>1、水煮法</strong><br /> 水煮发是传统的清洗方式,该方式是将从油井回收的油管在池内进行浸泡加入充足的化学清洗剂,通过锅炉加热进行水煮,以清洗掉油管内外壁的油污和泥沙,该方式的优点是设备简单,容易操作,一次性投资少。但也存在一些缺点,<br /> <strong>主要表现为:</strong><br /> ?)清洗剂采用强碱或者强酸和其它有机化学物质配制而成,对油管损害极大,造成油管内外壁防腐层大面积脱落,使油管失去良好的保护。和空气充分接触后,油管内外壁会形成更严重的腐蚀,更终导致油管报废;<br /> ?)环境污染严重。一方面清洗剂散发的气体会对人造成伤害;另一方面,清洗后清洗池里面的污水回收困难,会造成环境污染<br /> ?)劳动强度大。清洗时,需要把油管从池子吊进吊出,如果油管数量大,工作量会成倍增加;<br /> <p> ?)成本高。传统油管修复用重垢清洗剂清洗,价格昂贵?</p> <p style="text-align:center;"> <img src="/uploads/image/20180929/20180929121546_9735.jpg" alt="" /> </p> <strong>2、中频加热法</strong><br /> 中频加热法是更近几年新采用的清洗的技术,根据待修复油管表面粘敷的物质情况,采用变频器调整电源频率,对待修复油管迸行间加热。以适当的速度和温度对待修复油管进行感应加热,使待修复油管内外表面的油污和结蜡全面融化,而对油管本体金相组织不产生任何破坏。然后用专用刮油装置,将管内、外融化的油污和结蜡基本去除,再通过前端装有钢丝刷的通径装置,边旋转边清洗,更后用具有一定压力的水流将待修复管内、外壁残留物冲洗干浄。该方式的缺点是?br /> ?)加热时,油污等杂物产生的油烟废气大,污染严重,对人和环境造成影响?br /> ?)容易发生火灾;<br /> ?)加热的温度不容易确定,温度太高会对油管本体金相组织产生破坏,温度太低起不到加热的作用?br /> <strong>3、高压水冲洗</strong><br /> 高压水冲洗是一门新兴的物理清洗技术,其清洗原理是用高压柱塞泵和特殊设计的喷嘴产生高速水射流,并使其经管道到达喷嘴时把高压力低流速的水转换为低压力高流速的射流,产生很高的冲击动能,强大的冲击力直接冲刷油管内壁结垢物,使垢物脱落,达到清洗目的。目前,大部分高压水冲洗设备都与钻通机结合在一起应用,这样对管内的结垢清理效果很好。该方式的缺点是?br /> ?)在清洗时产生的压力很大,会对操作工人形成很大的危险;(2)喷嘴为易损件,需要经常更换,工作效率低?br /> <strong>4.直燃加热油管水清洗法</strong><br /> 直燃加热油管水清洗法采用的是全封闭式油管清洗装置,油管自动输入输出,利用燃烧天然气作为热源,热水内部循环,主传输机构采用中心轮盘驱动输送方式,整个装置实现油管一站式清洗?br /> 该装置共有五大部分即:加热系統、中轮驱动油管传输机构、油管内外清洗机构,循环水及排污系统和自动化控制系统?br /> 该装置的工作原理是油管通过输入系统进入清洗装置,在中心轮盘的驱动下,油管进入清洗装置的上部,该部分以热辐射的方式对油管进行加热,使油管表面的油污融化,随后进入清洗装置下部的热水池区域,油管得到均匀加热,然后油管通过中压水对油管内外壁进行清洗,更后通过输出系统将油管送出<br /> <strong>该清洗方式的优点是:</strong><br /> ?)采用全封闭式设计,能量散失小;?)箱体内油管采用中心驱动轮传输,油管在驱动轮上精确定位,避免了油管挤压交错,故障?br /> 降低,提高了生产效率。(3)可根据油管表面油污多少和气温高低,调节生产速度,以达到更理想的节能效果和清洗质量?br /> 其缺点是:一旦装置内部机械传动部分出现故障,维修时间较长?br /> 通过对上述四种油管清洗方式的介绍,可以看出每种清洗方式都有各自的优缺点,各油管修复厂家可以根据自己的实际情况选择合适的油管清洗设备,从而达到更大的经济效益和社会效益?br /></p> <p><div>上一?<a href="72.html">钻杆耐磨带焊接质量的影响因素有哪些?</a></div> <div>下一?<a href="70.html">关于国内抽油杆清洗工艺技术介?/a></div> </p> <div class="tag"><span style="color:#a83838;">相关标签?/span><a href='/key.aspx?k=%d3%cd%b9%dc%c7%e5%cf%b4'>油管清洗</a>,</div> </div> </div> <div class="clearit"></div> <div class="comment"> <h2>相关新闻</h2> <h6 class="clear"></h6> <ul> <li><a target="_blank" href="/news/134.html" title="原有的钻杆修复工艺主要改进的好处有哪些呢?>原有的钻杆修复工艺主要改进的好处有哪些呢?/a></li> <li><a target="_blank" href="/news/133.html" title="抽油杆修复技术中存在什么问题呢?>抽油杆修复技术中存在什么问题呢?/a></li> <li><a target="_blank" href="/news/132.html" title="分析油管清洗的具体步?>分析油管清洗的具体步?/a></li> <li><a target="_blank" href="/news/131.html" title="分析钻杆修复的工艺流?>分析钻杆修复的工艺流?/a></li> <li><a target="_blank" 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